Periodontal (Gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. Your gum tissue is not attached to the teeth as high as it may seem. There is a very shallow v-shaped crevice called a sulcus between the tooth and gums.
Periodontal diseases attack just below the gum line in the sulcus, where they cause the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues to break down.
As the tissues are damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket: generally, the more severe the disease, the greater the depth of the pocket. Your Grand Rapids dentists can reverse the risks of periodontal disease by performing deep root planing (cleaning) of the area between the pocket and the tooth roots, causing the pocket to tighten and seal against prolonged infection.
Treatment of periodontal disease has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiac disease in clinical studies by decreasing the inflammation caused by bacterial infection. Periodontal therapy can also save teeth from extraction due to decay and loosening.
If you or a loved one is interested in learning more about our periodontal (gum) disease therapy, please contact Lake Michigan Dental to schedule an examination or call our Grand Rapids MI dentist at (616) 453-8211.